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What is lower urinary disease?
LUTD is an infection or inflammation of the bladder
and/or the urethra (the tube that carries urine
from the bladder to the outside of the body). In
some instances, LUTD can lead to obstruction of
the urethra and or the formation of stones in the
bladder. If your pet has had urinary tract infections
or stones, there may be a risk for LUTD. This
can cause a great deal of discomfort and can be
challenging for you as the pet owner.
What would cause LUTD in my pet
and how it is diagnosed?
There are several causes of LUTD, including,
bacterial infection, stones, anatomical defects,
incontinence and even cancer. If your pet has
frequent or difficult urination, painful urination,
inappropriate urination, blood in the urine and/
or excessive licking of the genital area, LUTD may
be present. Our doctor has several in house
tests that can quickly assist in making the
diagnosis. These tests may include a urinalysis,
blood chemistry panels and possibly X-rays and
ultrasound. Your doctor will use these diagnostic
tools paired with a thorough physical exam and
information from you, to determine a diagnosis and
What happens if LUTD goes
Untreated LUTD can potentially progress to a partial
or complete blockage of the urethra, allowing little
or no urine to be emptied. This is extremely painful
for your pet, and if untreated, waste products can
build up to toxic levels in your pet’s body in a short
amount of time. Blocked pets are an emergency and
require immediate medical, and sometimes surgical,
What can I do to help my pet?
• Increase urination
Dogs - Increase the number of trips outside.
While female dogs typically empty their bladders
completely when they urinate, male dogs often
only urinate small amounts at a time, keeping a
reservoir available for marking territory. It may help
with male dogs to take them for a long walk before
going to work or bed, allowing them to completely
empty their bladders.
Cats or indoor only dogs - Clean litter box daily to
encourage use. Consider adding additional litter
• Increase your pet’s water intake
Increasing your pets water intake causes them to
urinate more which can help prevent the build up
Increase the number of water bowls and refill often.